Dates: 1883-1927
Born in: Virgin Islands
Major Events

Joined Manhattan Socialist Party, 1909

Became organizer of blacks for Socialists

Assistant editor the Masses

1917--after break with socialists, organized Liberty League of Negro-Americans, editing its magazine, the Voice

Promoted self-defence against white attacks

In 1920s, associated with Garvey movement

Major Publications

The Negro and the Nation(1917)

When Africa Awakes(1920)

The Black Man's Burden
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